Wildlife Sanctuary

Concept Explanation

Wildlife Sanctuary

It is also known as a wildlife refuge, is generally an officially designated territory, created by the government, providing protection and suitable living conditions for wild animals. Hunting, killing or capturing of animals is strictly prohibited in such areas. E.g. Jayakwadi Bird Sanctuary in Aurangabad and Ahmedabad, presence of Nathsagar lake makes the surrounding rich in aquatic flora(refers to all plant life occurring in an area or time period) and fauna( is all of the animal life of any particular region or time)

  • Currently India has 98 National Parks and 515 Sanctuaries.
  • There are many Governmental and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working to protect, preserve and conserve the environment.
  • The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and natural Resources (IUCN) has published the Red Data Book with a list of threatened species of the World.
  • This is done to notify those species which are threatened with extinction with the aim of promoting their conservation.
  • The Red Data Book species are classified into critically endangered and vulnerable. The Red Data Book is revised periodically.
  • A Green Book gives a list of endangered plants growing in protected areas.
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    Sample Questions
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    Question : 1

    Select the incorrect differences between national park and sanctuary. 

    National park Sanctuary

    (i)  It is meant for protection of both flora and fauna.

    It is meant for protection of only fauna.

    (ii)  Grazing is allowed Grazing is not allowed.

    (iii)  Private ownership is not permitted.

    Private ownership is permitted.


    Right Option : D
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    Question : 2
      Project Tiger was launched in the year ___________________________ .
    Right Option : A
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    Question : 3

    Identify the correct match between tiger reserve and its state .

    Right Option : A
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